In 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize.

In 1942, the French navy sank its fleet at Toulon to prevent its use by the Nazis.

In 1973, the U.S. Senate approved the nomination of House Minority Leader Gerald Ford, a Michigan Republican, as vice president, following the resignation of Spiro Agnew.

In 2005, French surgeons completed the first known partial face transplant, grafting a new nose, lips and chin.

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