Three things to know for agriculture this week

Planting wrapping up in MonDak

North Dakota and Montana’s 2019 spring wheat crop is nearly in the ground with 93 percent planted in both states. That’s just slightly behind the five-year average of 95 and 94 percent, respectively for each state.

Emergence continues to be behind in both states, however, at 69 percent in North Dakota and 60 percent in Montana. That compares to a five-year average of 79 and 68 respectively.

Similarly durum acres are largely in the ground. North Dakota has planted 86 percent of its acres and Montana 92 percent. That’s a little behind the average for North Dakota, which had 94 percent of its crop planted by this time last year, but it’s the same as last year at this time for Montana.

Emergence for the crop is lagging, however. Just 54 percent is out of the ground in North Dakota, well behind the five-year average of 63, and 49 percent is out in Montana, which compares to the more usual 58 percent for the five-year average.

While late, most of the emerged crop is so far rated in good condition, according to the USDA’s most recent crop progress report. Moisture conditions in the region are also rated mostly adequate to surplus in that report.

Corn and Soybean acres are also more than halfway planted but are still well behind schedule, according to the USDA report.

For North Dakota, corn is 81 percent planted and soybeans 70 percent. The more usual percentage is 93 percent and 83 respectively for the five-year average. Emergence is 27 percent for corn and 13 percent for soybeans. Both are well behind five-year averages of 68 and 45 percent respectively.

In Montana, Corn is 75 percent planted, behind the 85 percent average, and 35 percent emerged. More usually, it is 60 percent emerged by this time.

Soybeans weren’t listed in the USDA report for Montana.

Statistics for Canola, Barley, dry edible peas and beans and flaxseeds showed planting almost complete, and emergence well underway, and in some cases ahead of average.

Farmers should report prevented planting acres

Timely reporting of planted, prevented planting, and failed crops helps maintain a farm’s eligibility for USDA programs such as Agricultural Risk Protection, Price Loss Coverage Programs, Conservation Reserve Program, Livestock Disaster Assistance, and many others. Incorporation of prevented planting is also being considered for inclusion in the Market Facilitation Program, according to recent media reports, by Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue.

Upcoming deadlines to report prevented planting:

June 10 — Corn, canola

June 20 — Wheat, barley, sunflowers

June 25 — Soybeans, flax and bveans

July 15 — final acreage reporting deadline

Prevented planting acres are reported on form CCC-576 no later than 15 calendar days after the final planting date established by the Farm Service Agency and Risk Management Agency. Documentation to support the claim may be required. This could include field preparations, fertilizer applications, seed purchases and so forth.

FSA will also accept the report of prevented planting acreage as timely if filed timely with crop insurance, with supporting documentation.

Late-filed requests are assessed a measurement service fee per farm, and approvals will be subject to assessment of the disaster condition during a farm visit.

Producers with failed acres also file form CCC-576, Notice of Loss. It must be filed prior to destroying the crop, to provide FSA an opportunity to inspect the acreage.

Losses covered by NAP, or Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program, must be field within 15 days of the disaster’s occurrence, or when losses become apparently. Many crops covered by NAP also require an initial notification of loss within 72 hours of loss becoming apparent.

CRP continuous signups begin

Continuous signup 52 for the Conservation Reserve Program is being taken now through Aug. 23.

There are some policy changes to know:

• No signup incentives, practice incentives, or additional per-acre rental rate incentives are being offered. Rental rates will be 90 percent of the soil rental rate for the offered acres. The rates are posted in the Williams County FSA office.

• There is no cost-share for management activities under Continuous Signup 52. Mid-contract management is still a requirement on new contracts. Cost-share is still authorized for practice installation.

• Some practices are no longer eligible. Those signing up to re-enroll an expiring CRP may not be able to do so if the contract isn’t for one of the approved practices. Call your local FSA office for details.


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